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The Superior Express
Superior, Nebraska
February 21, 2002     The Superior Express
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February 21, 2002

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No till promoted as sustainable agriculture A little attitude adjustment is all that's standing between some U.S. [armers and a way of farming that is truly the only way to have sustainable agriculture, also known as no-till agd- euhure, according to German-born agronomist Rolf Derpsch. Derpsch has studied no-till prac- flees since the early 1970s, much of that time in Latin Atnerica. Over the years, he's seen the benefits of no-till Practices, soil moisture conservation, reduced topsoil loss, and increased ,eConomic returns. Much of his work has been in Paraguay, where 55 per- nt of cropland is now farmed using °'rctiil practices. In some area, the entage is as high as 85 r:ent "I thfnk the geatest obgstacle'to adoption of no tillage is mindset," he ,,i'd: "People just stick to their old traattions and don't change. They are Derpsch acknowledges that farm- ers new to no-till farming might have to invest in different planting equiplnent. "There's a misconception that in no-tillage, you use no herbicides," Derpsch said. That's typically not the case. However, it is possible to cut herbicide use by as much as 20 percent over conventional tillage operations, he said. Farmers in Paraguay use equipment called a "knife roller" to roll the cover crop down, which reduces the need for herbicides, he said. "We have been able to show in Paraguay that using cover crops and a technique where you harvest and seed another crop immediately after har- vest, so you never leave the land in fallow, or if there's a short period be- tween harvest and seeding that crop, we see a short-term cover crop 55 or 60 aCcUStomed to plowing the field. Many look at the highest yield, but that's not always the best [economically]." or 70 days," he said. "In this system we' ve been able to go three years with- out using any herbicides at all." Terryejny, extension educatorfor Nuckolls, Thayer and Fillmore Counties, with coconut beverage in hand, checks banana trees growing on the machinery lot at a Ford New Holland farm equipment dealership south of Bangkok, Thailand. Hejny was a member of an international study and travel seminar to Singapore, Maslaysia and Thailand, sponsored by Nebraska LEAD XX. lD.1)erpsch is the senior ad,isor to the G-GTZ Soil Conservation project, Nebraska returns int venture between the Ministry of grieulture and Livestock of Paraguay and GTZ-Germanv He has worked rty unclaimed prope ' .rowers, and believes cover crops are a vl! part of a no-till effort. More than $5 million in unclaimed quick and painless process," said Byrd. I think that the missing element in property Was returned last year to indi- Byrd said, "If you do not see your most parts of the United States in the viduals, businesses and various name on the county list, you should no-tillage system is the use of cover branches of .government throughout e.roPS," Derpsch said. There are a lot Nebraska. Nuckolls County residents Otprejudicesagainstcovercrops. Some claimed $3,892.35. .peOple still think you have to plow This announcement was made re- them under, and this is absolutely centlybyStateTreasurerLoreleeiJyrd, eludes names that were given to us who also said there are still millions of Wrong.', Research in Brazil has shown that t .soybean yield was increased by as nen'as 60 percent by adding black  a cover crop• "$6 when seeding neat and soybeans  two cash crops, awf had relatively low soybean yields net wheat, much hiher yield after b I I_  - h'K oats, and despite the fact that we only one cash crop harvested in e year, the economics of this was much better than having two crops 'mrvested•', the scientist said. "I think People should look more on the eco- nomics side." e Derpsch acknowledged that cover tops do take moisture which some see as a drawback. However, proper man- !ement can make it work, he said. .asses, legumes and even sunflowers '?., oe used as cover crops, he said, diing that rye might work well.• Also nlte mustard dies once temperatures drop below freezing, so no herbicide is needed to kill it. The farmer is left with a "beautiful" mulch for his primary Crop. Cover crops provide mulch, protect and can help reduce herbicide tSage, he added. Also, once the cover P's root system is dead and the at),cropisplanted, the cover crop's systems provide vertical channels Which pave the way for the primary crop's roots to move down through the Soil. flvrpsch encouraged financial incen- es Ire promote-no-till practices. Also, while his research trials al- ays include minimum tillage (as well no-till), no-till is typically the better oPtion, he said. At 55 percent, Paraguay is the leader an, Derpsch said. No- t 45 percent of crop- and 39 percent in Uni, States, 17.5 per- no-tiU dollars to return to the people of Ne- braska. Nuckolls County residents who appear on the state unclaimed property list will only have to answer a few simple questions to claim their money. In the last seven years more than $23 million dollars have been returned by the Nebraska State Treasurer's Un- claimed Property Division. Accord- ing to Byrd, much of this money has been returned with a short phone call to her office. "If you can verify the information we have in our records, such as a former address, year social security number or date of birth, theft my staffcan easily process your claim. Claiming aban- doned property is normally a fairly Blosecurity Is focus of Cattlemen's Day "Biosecurity, beef safety and changes in retail beef sales will be featured topics March 1 during the annual Cattlemen's Day at Kansas State Uni- versity, Manhattan. U.S. Sen. Pat Roberts will address cattlemen's eunmnt food safety issues. Other session leaders will include Ken Parnell of the Wai- Mart Corporation, the nation's leading retailer of fresh meats,:and Mike Co]linge, president of the Kansas Livestock Association. The no-cost event kicks off at 8 a.m. with registration, a trade show and educational exhibits at the Brandeberry Spos Complex, south- west of the K-State football stadium. The invited speakers' presentations run from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., with a break for lunch, provided on-site. Program specifics are available on the Web at http://www.oznet, pr_cattleday/ and interested persons can direct further questions to Lois Schreiner in the K-State Department Of Animal Sciences and Industry at 785-532-1267. visit our website at http://www. treasurer•org and search for your name. The website has the complete un- claimed property list available and in- address." The list of people who have re- ceived unclaimed property in the last year include former NFL quarterback Kelly Stouffer, sports broadcaster Adrian Fiala and U.S. Congressman Tom Osborne. Some businesses that received unclaimed property are Mu- tual of Omaha, US Bank and ConAgra. Those Nebraskans who are com- puter savvy can assist the treasurer's staff by printing out their own claim form from the website and mailing it to her office at State Treasurer Lorelee Byrd, Room 2003 State Capitol• Lin- coln, NE 68509. "We have seen the number of on- line claims increase tremendously in the past few years and we think this is one of the reasons we were able to set a record for unclaimed property in the year 2001," said Byrd. Those who don't have access to a computer can c all the State Treas u rer' s Office at 402-471-2455 and one of her staff will assist you in claiming your money. Thursday, February 21, 2002 Hejny attends study, travel seminar Terry Hejny, extension educator for Nuckolls, Thayer and Filhnore Coun- ties, returned recently from an interna- tional study and travel seminar to Singapore, Maslaysia and Thailand. The seminar was sponsored by Ne- braska LEAD XX. Besides Hejny, other local members of the group were Dan Miller, Carleton, and Mark Hergott, Hebron. "Participants brought back a first- hand appreciation and understanding of the international community and the potential for people of all nations to work together," said Allen Blezek, Ne- braska LEAD Program director and group leader, 'Fhe seminar is designed to "speed up" the leadership development pro- cess through concentrated and acceler- ated learning and exposure to foreign policy, economics, education, reli- gions, government, history, social and cultural understandings, the arts and the people of the areas visited. Participants attended formal brief- ings at American embassies, interacted lx's ALL ABOUT CONVENIENCE! * Installation of Hunter Sprinkler Systems * Repair/Service of existing systems * 4-Step Lawn Care Program * Core Aeration * Grass Reseeding Call Jamie Blackstone today for your free estimates on an underground sprinkler system . or our 4-step lawn care program! P.O. Box 194 • Superior, Neb. 68978 402-879-: Dan Miller, Carleton, checks the progress of a pineapple plant at a plantation near Lampang, Thailand. Miller was a member of an international study and travel seminar to Singapore, Maslaysia and Thailand, sponsored by Nebraska LEAD XX. i we cam, II Office Supplies /I Superior Publishing Co./I 472-879-3292  !1 www.aurora.cOop Sign up now for 24-hour online access to view your account and grain information. Click on the What s New link on our home page for more itbrmation. MULE T" 3010 with American businesses, agricultural trade and commodity groups and pro- ducers. They also visited schools, health care facilities, institutions of higher education, agricultural organizations as well as cultural sites and events. The purpose of LEAD is "to pre- pare and motivate men and women in agriculture for more effective leader- ship." The seminar is a part of leadership development• • The Nebraska LEAD Program is under the direction of the Nebraska Agricultural Leadership Council Inc., a nonprofit organization, and is sup- ported by Nebraska colleges, universe- ties, businesses, industries and indi- viduals throughout the state. LEAD is in NU's Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Mercury can do lots of damage "Old-fashioned feverthermometers made of glass and mercury are an un- necessary .risk in the home now. But throwing them away in the trash can simply widen their ability to harm, Once released from a broken ther- mometer, mercury never really breaks down in the environment• It can, how- ever, convert to a more lethal form or help build up a concentration in the food chain. With mercury, a little can do a lot of damage. Some experts estimate a tea- spoon of elemental mercury is enough to contaminate a 22-acre lake to the point that it requires posting a warning against eating the fish. Mercury-contaminated food causes nervous system damage (brain and spinal cord). It affects the kidneys and liver and can have an impact on fetal development. Some U.S. retail stores have pledged to ban all sales of mercury- containing products. Thermometers that use digi- tal technology, gallium-tin or alcohol are already widely available at costs comparable to mercury thermometers'. The K-State pollution specialists warn, however, that householders should dispose of old thermometers only at a local household hazardous waste collection facility. Kansans can call 1-800-578-8898 to find the loca- tion of the nearest facility. Call us for all your: * Seeding. * Spraying * Fertilizing (up to 10 gpa by air) Now available to cover all your spraying needs is our John Deere row crop groundrig. Available also for rent is a 12 row liquid fertilizer injector machine. Call for prices and availability. THE SUPERIOR EXPRESS 3C Software helps with weed management Who would have guessed 50 years ago that agriculture would find om- puter programs so helpful? But farm ers now use computer software for everything from accounting to equip- ment purchases-and even weed man- agement. WeedSOFT 2002 was originally developed by the University of Ne- braska, but has been adapted and up- dated for several states, iricluding Kan- sas. Kansas State University Research and Extension agronomists Dallas Peterson and Anita Dille worked with Nebraska to"regionalize" the program• That included incorporating state-spe- cific label information, adding weeds of importance to Kansas, and modify- ing competitive indices and herbicide efficacy ratings for Kansas conditions. "The 'Advisor' module program helps applicators and farmers make weed control decisions based on field data that the farmer inputs. Such vari- ables as weed species, population, crop size, soil type, pH and application tim- ing are examples of the kinds of data that are taken into account by the pro- gram," Peterson said. "It generates a list of weed control options based on that information." Those options are then ranked by return on investment or maximum yield. "The program also can estimate the projected yield loss if control is not applied versus estimated yield loss if control is applied," he said. "Another neat concept of the pro- gram is that the input weed species are color-coded to indicate potential for weed seed production in response to a given weed control option, a concern for many growers as an indication next year's weed problem," Dille said. ! "The software currently provides recommendations for corn soybean !!; and wheat crops. Sorghum, wdl hkely :i • " i be added m the future, Peterson sa d• "Although the program is a handy ii tool for weed control management, it !i i should be considered just that-a tool- ; but not the only tool," Petersonsaid. *'We don't want anyone to rely to- tally on WeedSOFT for their decision making. It should be viewed as an- , other tool to help producers with their • " " i weed management decsmns, he sad. The software sells for $195, and will be updated annually. For further information or to order, interested per- sons can access http:// I Barry Blackstone Route 2 Box00 16A Superior, Neb. 402-879-3006 We are striving to be your ultimate crop care specialists. it i i when Mother Nature throws you a curve in the field, • Proven 23-degree long lnr/lmlgbar  mom wns pK tmg • Open-center tmsd for continuous claning and  to vibration. 212 N. Commercial Ave. Superior, Neb. 68978 402-879-4771 Prairie" 650 Superior Outdoor Power Center 320 N. Commercial Ave. • Superior, Neb. 68978 ° 402-879-4785 Farm Bureau crop insurance keeps you in the game. Farming is your livelihood, and it's our business to help protect that. For over 50 years, Farm Bureau has been l¢lping farmers like you shelter their valuable assets. A Farm Bureau agem can sit down with you and recommend the best crop coverage for your operation. From specialized crop insurance coverages to home and outbuilding insurance, Farm Bureau has a plan to fit your individual needs. Farm Bureau crop insurance ._ when farming has no guarantees, Farm Bureau does. Just say when.., whenever you're readu. TM FARM BUREAU FINANCIAL SERVICES Insurance • Investments www.fbfs.cOm Marllee Sullivan Superior, Nob. 402-879-3377 Securities products and services offered titroush: F, qufn'ust Marketing Services, LLC, 5400 Unlvetndty Avenue, Wt De* Moln IA }21, I-S00-24T4170 Pmpeny-casuahy insurance offered through:.Farm Bureau Insurance Company of Nebraska, Lincoln. Nebraska FBL 2000 360