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The Superior Express
Superior, Nebraska
August 13, 2015     The Superior Express
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August 13, 2015

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Gary Brennfoerder, Edgar, entered his 1959 McCormick Farmall 560 LP at the Deweese Antique Tractor Pull, Saturday. This is his last season competing in pulls. The start of the event was delayed two hours because of muddy conditions. Jenny's REESources By Jenny Rees, UNL Extension Crop update: Corn varies in growth stage. Last week we were seeing be- ginning dent in some fields already (depending on maturity, planting date, etc.). Southern rust has been popping up in more areas but still not wide- spread or consistent in its appearance. Gray leaf spot has consistently moved up plants though. If you're still consid- ering a fungicide application, I' ve been pulling the trigger more often for gray leaf spot than the presence of southern rust in fields. Consider growth stage, disease pressure, economics and your tolerance for potential stalk rot and harvest-ability concerns. For soybeans, fields vary in their insect pressure regarding loopers, cat- erpitlars, bean leaf beetles, grasshop- pers and spidermites. They also vary in disease levels and sudden death syn- drome (SDS) is showing up in more fields at this time. Unfortunately, with SDS being a soil-bome disease, foliar fungicides have no activity against it. For those who experienced some hail damage, we do have resources on our CropWatch website at http:// South Central Ag Lab Field Day will be held next week, Aug. 19, with registration beginning at 8:30 a.m. and the program from 8:50 a.m. to 4 p.m. There is no charge, but please RSVP to Jenny Rees at jrees2 @ or 402- 762-3644 for lunch count. Topics will include cover crop research; insect- weed-disease management and resis- tance info; nutrient management in- cluding use of UAV and field canopy sensors; and soil water management. A total of 6.0 CCA credits are avail- able (1.5 each in the areas of crop, nutrient, IPM, and soil-water manage- ment). Ronnie Green will be our key- note lunch speaker and we will also receive updates from area natural re- source districts. Hope to see you there! Project Sense Field Day will be held at the fairgrounds in Deshler from 6 to 8 p.m. The field day will begin with the meal, followed by a demon- stration of a group applicator outfitted with crop canopy sensors and how they can improve nitrogen use effi- ciency. There is no charge, but please RSVP to 402-624-8000 or email christina.franklin @unl .edu. Crabapple dieback issues - Numer- ous crabapples are showing a variety of symptoms from leaf yellowing and reddening to sudden browning of leaves on entire branches to entire tree death. Again, weather related stresses and wounding have likely set crabapples up for various issues. In some cases, the cause could be bacterial fire blight which causes branch cankers. Fungal cankers may also be infecting crabapples. Last year's cold spell in November may have injured the cam- bium layer of crabapples that were not fully dormant at the time. For the most part, we are making educated guesses as to the actual cause. As with Cytospora canker, prune and destroy dead and dying branches during win- ter. Disinfect all pruning tools such as knives and saws by wiping them with rubbing alcohol. Avoid stress by spac- ing trees correctly, then mulching and watering correctly and by not over- fertilizing with nitrogen. Poor fruit set and flower drop has been reported in the vegetable garden on tomatoes, peppers and zucchini, and is likely weather related. Veg- etable garden plants had a slow start this spring, with late freezes and cool temperatures. This delayed plant quirements, without over or under fer- growth, development and blooming, tilizing, so that flower clusters are pro- More recently, daytime temperatures duced. If the lack of fruit set was be- hotter than 90 ~I~grees and night time cause of high temperature conditions, temperatures warmer than 70 degrees plants should begin to set fruits again now that temperatures have cooled. interfere with pollination. Provide plants with good basic growing re- at @' By Craig Derickson by as much as 5 tons per acre. Natural Resources While soil erosion in much of the Conservation Service Midwest region has decreased, the cost Even after widespread adoption of of soil loss is still significant. An NRCS no-till and other modem farming meth- report of their Environmental Quality ods, soil erosion is still a big problem Incentive.Program from 2002 and 2010 in many areas, indicated that each ton of soil eroded Hugh Hammond Bennett was the contains the equivalent of 2.32 pounds firstchiefoftheUSDASoilConserva- of nitrogen and 1 pound of phospho- rus. The cost per pound for nitrogen tion Service (now called the Natural and phosphorus were 63 and 64 cents Resources Conservation Service or respectively. Mike Duffy, extension NRCS). He is widely known as the economist with Iowa State University, "Father of Soil Conservation," and is published "Value of Soil Erosion to credited with creating a strong public the Landowner" in 2012. He suggested interest in reducing the problem of soil the real cost to the farmer based on erosion back in the 1930s. those estimates was a loss of fertilizer Erosion happens when soil is not at $2.10 per ton of soil loss per acre. adequately covered to protect it from To illustrate a point about the sub- water and wind. When uncovered soil stantial costs associated with soil ero- particles become detached and are sion, let's look at the May 6 storm in washed or blown away, soil health Thayer County. According to the declines and other resources are nega- USDA Census of Agriculture, Thayer tively impacted such as water and air County has approximately 326,000 quality. Bennett observed how soil acres of cropland. If we assume that erosion reduced the ability of land to half of the cropland in Thayer County sustain agricultural productivity, and was impacted by the heavy rainfall, that is still a problem for many produc- (approximately 160,000 acres) and that ers today, the average soil loss was 2 tons per Farmers in south central Nebraska acre, thetotal soilloss wouldbe 320,000 saw first-hand the results of soil ero- tons. At a cost of $2.10 per ton for sionafterheavyrainstormsthisspring, nitrogen and phosphorus alone, the On May 6, a storm dumped up to 10 estimated loss from the May 6 storm inches of rain in a single event in a 10- would be $672,000. Assuming a simi- county band from Hastings to Nebraska lar loss in the 10-county storm-im- City. Heavy rain caused severe soil pacted area, the estimated loss would erosion and flooding throughout the be $6,720,000 - and that doesn't even area but not all fields were impacted consider the costs of seed and fuel and the same. the time required to replant some of Aaron Hird, NRCS conservationist those acres. in Hebron, reported fields where the The 'real' cost of soil erosion goes soil had been tilled showed visible beyond just the cost of lost fertilizer. signs ofexcessivesoilerosion. In con- The additional costs associated with trast, fields with high amounts of crop soil erosion include loss in crop pro- residue or cover crops and no tillage duction; loss of land value from long- had noticeably less erosion or no Vis- term excessive erosion; damage to real ible erosion at all. property, roads, bridges and other in- NRCS has been in the soil saving frastructure; and environmental dam- business for more than 80 years. In ages to streams, rivers and lakes. 1935, Congress created the USDA Soil NRCS has identified four key prin- Conservation Service to address the ciples to healthy soil: 1) keep soil coy- national Dust Bowl crisis stating,"The ered, 2) disturb soil less, 3) feed soil wastage of soil and moisture resources with living plants as much as possible, on farm, grazing, and forest lands.., and 4) increase plant diversity. Fol- is a menace to the national welfare." lowingtheseprinciples willreducesoil Since then, the Natural Resources degradation, improve soil productiv- Conservation Service as the agency is ity, and increase soil resilience to ex- now named has continued to provide treme weather. voluntary conservation assistance to These soil health principles are in farmers and ranchers who want to im- linewithwhatHughHammondBennett prove natural resources on their land. believed. He said, "Everything we do, The NRCS Conservation Effects all we share, even whatever we amount Assessment Report from 2012 shows to as a great enduring people, begins farmers have reduced soil loss through and rest on the sustained productivity the adoption of conservation practices of our agricultural land." Superior Publishing Company 148 E. Third, Superior, Neb. 402-879-3291 LINCOLN I III ' THE FUTURE OF UGH HAS ARRIVED 3101 Osborne Drive W., Hastings, NE 68901 (402)4 i3-3116 ALL NEW Stop by and see Eric today/ Eric Grassmann Sales Consultant Cell: (402)879-5429 Vaccines greatly reduce threat of infectious disease In the United States, vaccines have greatly reduced infectious diseases that once routinely killed or harmed many infants, children and adults. However, the viruses and bacteria that cause vac- cine-preventable disease still exist and can be passed on to people who are not protected by vaccines. Every year, thousands of Americans still suffer serious health problems, are hospital- ized and even die from diseases that could be prevented by vaccines. Pro- tect your health and the health of your family. Make sure you and your loved ones are up-to-date on recommended vaccines. Here's why you shouldn't wait: Many vaccine-preventable diseases are still common in the U.S. Those that are not common here are still found in other parts of the world, and can still be a threat. Some of these diseases are very contagious. Any of these diseases could be seri- ous even for healthy people. Certain people may be at higher risk for getting some diseases or hav- ing more serious illness if they were to get sick, like young children, older adults and those with health condi- tions. Vaccines are our best protection against a number of serious, and some- times deadly, diseases. Every year, the Centers for Disease Control and Pre- vention (CDC) and other medical ex- perts update vaccine recommendations for children, teens, and adults based on the latest research and evidence-based science on vaccine safety, effective- ness, and patterns of vaccine prevent- able diseases. You have the power to protect your- self and the ones you love. Talk to your healthcare professional about which vaccines are right for you and your family. Most private health insurance plans cover the cost of recommended vac- cines. The Vaccines for Children fVFC) program helps provide vaccines to chil- dren whose parents or guardians may not be able to afford them. Medicare and Medicaid also cover a number of vaccines for adults. Vaccines are avail- able at private doctor offices, as well as other convenient locations such as phar- macies, workplaces, community health clinics and health departments. To learn more about vaccines and take a quick quiz to fmd out which vaccines you may need, visit: For questions about vaccines or in- formation on South Heartland District Health Department Immunization Clinic contact our office at 402-462- 6211 or 1-877-238-7595. Thursday, August 13, 2015 THE SUPERIOR EXPRESS 5A Two unidentified boys watch the trap shoot competition off in the distance. Lined up at the shooting line are (from left) Trey Himmelberg, Chase Morris, Nikki Kirchhoff, Ben Price and John Sullivan. Blake Kirchhoff released the blue rock. The event was sponsored by the Superior FFA at the Nuckolls County Fair. Anders Jensen works his horse for the judge during the 4-H Horse show at the Nuckolls County Fair. He has his horse at a lope as part of a pre- scribed routine. Taylor Conway dressed in a hot pink shirt to participate in Mutton Busting at the Nuckolls County Kids Rodeo. She rode nearly half-way around the main rodeo ring before dismounting. 348 N. Central, Superior, Neb. 68978 i Heatth Mart. 402-879-4234 PHARMACY Open 8:30 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. Monday - Friday Open 8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Saturday Provid/'n# Pharmaceut/'ca/ Care to our Community Lane and Anna Hawley, Owners Custom Application of Liquid and Dry Fertilizer and Chemical Propane Anhydrous 1221 E. 3rd Street Superior, Neb. 68978 (402) 879-4749 | Creating Exceptional Smiles Taking Appointments Friday and Saturday for Dr. Richard Mazour New patients welcome crowns and Bridges Dentistry for the entire family Partials and Dentures Tooth colored fillings Root Canal Treatment Extractions Combining Cosmetics and Necessity Fast Braces 235 East 4th St. Superior, Ne 68978 (402) 879-3192 J ACCEPTING VISA MASTERcARD DISCOVER CARE CREDIT Beef Junior showmanship winners at the Nuckolls County Fair were (from left) Ella Gardner, Skylar Kucera, and Wyatt Brockman. at Todd Keifer holds a barb wire hanging the Nuckolls County Fair. he entered in the 4-H design class COUPON 7 Offer good until Monday, Aug. 31 Offer good at Superior, Neb. location only Dine in or carry out 1637 Idaho Superior, Neb. Present coupon to get discount L3 .... COUPON 402-879-3305 AND AIR We offer 0% finl Call 402-879-8262 We can set you up with a new heating and air system It's Hard To Stop A Trane. Energized Electric Co. 1400 E 3rd, Superior, Neb.