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The Superior Express
Superior, Nebraska
August 25, 2011     The Superior Express
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August 25, 2011

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T.hurday, August 25, 2011 THE SUPERIOR EXPRESS 7A Every limb of this peach tree in Vernon and Mary Jane Mohler's house at 1155 North Kansas is supported because of the bountiful crop of peaches hanging from its limbs. Picture by Allan GaskelL Fish can st [11 be caught in extremely aot weather Regardless of what you may have heard, the Nebraska Game Commis- sion fishing experts report it is still possible to catch fish- and lots of them - during these "dog days" of summer when most people just plop down in front of the air conditioner and nap instead of going fishing. Many people shy away from fish- ing during summer because they've heard fish quit feeding when it's hot. Actually, fish feed heavily during the summer months, but the problem is they feed in different spots than they do when it's cool, and the angler has to know where they are and how to catch them. The game commission anglers said in hot weather, fish tend to spend their days in deep, cooler water and then move into the shallows at night to feed. Some anglers prefer to fish deep water during the day, while others choose to fish the shallows all night long in the moonlight. Peak fishing times are the hour just before and just after dawn and dusk. Here are some ways suggested by the game commission to improve your fishing success when it's hot: -- fish the coolest water. The deep- est water may also be the coolest and drift fishing there with lures or live bait call be productive. Use a weight heavy enough to keep the bait near or on the bottom and let the drifting boat drag it slowly through potentially productive areas. Sandpits are an exception, how- ever. because the deeper water m sandpits becomes devoid of oxygen during the summer, -- other cool water spots include shorelines where tree branches hang over the water, spots where vegetation grows in the shallows and aroml d and under man-made structures, such a boat docks. -- stump fields, downed limbs and logs laying in the water, and weedbeds attract fish during the day because they provide protection from the sun.-- flowing water is usually cooler than standing water, so look for the spo where a creek or stream flows into the lake. In addition to being cooler, the mowng water contains more oxygen and also washes food items into the lake. Fish line-up at the inlet to sample what's on the menu. look for largemouth bass and Tips for planting your fall rden By 6randy Van DeWalle If you are like me. you have been enjoying fresh produce from your gar- den and hopefully, things look great right now. Last year. the dreaded squash bugs got my vine crops, so this year. I've been monitoring them rather closely and have found a few. so be sure to take the proper precautions before it is too late. Something I've also been thinking about is planting a few more vegetables to enjoy in the fall now that some of my early planted vegetables are gone. To determine when to plant a particular vegetable for the latest harvest, you must know the average date of the first killing frost. In our area I think we carl use Oct. 1 as an average date. To estimate when to plant fall crops, use the following formula: Number of days from seeding or transplanting outdoors to harvest. Number of days from seed to trans- plantable size (if you start your own transplants). Average harvest period Fall Factor (about 14 days) Frost Tender Factor (14 days) (if applicable) Days to count back from the firsl expected fall frost. The Fall Factor takes into account the slower growth which results from cooler weather and shorter days. The Frost Tender Factor is added only lbr frost-sensitive crops such as corn. beans, cucumbers, tomatoes or squash. These plants must mature at least two weeks before frost in order to produce a reasonable harvest. So. if you do a little check, now' s a good time to plant some of those crops for fall. A copy of Fall Gardening can be obtaiaed at the Extension Office or on the UNL Ex- tension website al http:// Crop ET For an interactive site of crop ET and up-to-date numbers, go m htz//_ littlebluenrd.orgL. larger bluegill near the outside edges of weedbeds near deeper water. Smaller bass and bluegill are more likely to be found along the inside edges of the weedbed where they hide to escape larger predators. - a small Beetle Spin, a chunk of worm suspended below a bobber, or a dry or slowly-sinking fly pattern are all good hot weather bluegill baits. --for bass, cast a spinnerbait or buzzbait into the shady shallow water beneath overhanging tree branches and retrieve it just beneath the surface to attract the fish's attention. Try differ- ent retrieve speeds with the spinnberbait from slow enough to just barely make =66 A.ctuallyj fish feed quitetmavily during the summer months. .),] the blade flutter to fast enough that it spins like a wood-bladed fan. Buzzbaits can be fished just below the surface so the blade turns fairly slowly without breaking the surface, or at a faster speed that slices through the surface ind throws water and bubbles in its wake. -if it is really hot and nothing else is working, try crawling a plastic worm as slow as possible over and through submerged cover, across the bottom, along the edges of submerged weedbeds, or along the edge of an underwater drop-off. - sometimes it seems it is impos- sible for crappie to ignore small jigs or minnows fished in deep water off a shallow ledge, along submerged stream courses, or in shady spots such as un- der docks, in stump fields, and ia and around submerged weedbeds and brush piles. Rocky reefs and sandbars with abrupt drop-offs typically hold crappie in the summer. -nighttime is the best bet for catfishing, especially when it's hot. Cats move into shore to feed at night, .so it pays to suspend a bait, such as a bluegill, a glob of nightcrawlers, or a chunk of cut bait near the bottom in 5- to 15-feel of water, then sit back and wait for the action to begin. But. whatever you do, don't quit fishing just because it's hot. The fish are there and they're hungry, you just have to find them. Some golfers were disappointed when the tournamet ot,n4 ,.-r 5h rd,, m the Superior Club was canceled Sturdav ...... ..'-,;.fter heavy l.:,ir: fh-,-%d m- ."' r ...... '": %. bv AEn askifl Simple sewage easy for city handle Reporter's note: It is easy to feel like I am a small speck on this planet: that what I do doesn't really matter. How- ever, I remember standing barefoot for a short time in the Republican River and being amazed at how rap- idly the sand build up around my feet. Simply by standing, in a small way I changed the course of the river. Everyday, my actions influence the sewer plant, am grateful for the service the plant provide. I prefer never to experience the daily tasks required of my grandparents: carrying water into and out the house along with the garbage. There was a pot by their bed and an outhouse, both required main- tenance. There are sire pte things we can all doto minimize the sewage load and protect the plant, Every person who helps makes a significant difference. Sewage Treatment Uses Natural Processes Sewage consists of two parts: liq- uids and solids. As it enters Superior' s sewage treatment plant, the volume is measured before entering a giont grinder, nicknamed the muffin muncher. It is then heated to 95 degree F. in a digester where microbial action generates methane used to help power the plant and the sewage is strained to separate the solids from the liquids. Solids are stored and seasonally knifed into fields as fertilizer. Liquids flow into huge vats called clarifiers. There dissolved solids settle out and are pumped back "to solid storage. Fats float and are skimmed off. Once clari- fied, sprinklers trickle the liquids over an 8-10 foot layer of porous rocks covered with algae. The algae natu- rally purifies the water by using the remaining waste products (like urine) as a fertilizer to grow. The process removes nearly all the ammonia (the part which makes sewage smell bad J from the water. Finally, the liquids pass under ultraviolet lights before flowing to the river, a process required only during the summer months. "The waste water we put into the river is cleaner than river water." Larry Brittenham. City of Superior utility manager said. "Superior is one of the best operated plants in the state." The process looks and sounds simple. However, the maintenance building, ahuge backup power gen- erator and the plant's chemistry lab makes one susDcious of the simple explanation. What can, go wrong? What can go wrong? The plant receives 32 million gal- lons of sewage a year and employe;s only three men: Larry Beavers. the most tenured city employee. Bill Hamilton and Bob Sloan. "The plant must run 24 hours a day, seven days a week. every day of the year," Brittenham said. Primarily the issues which must be addressed are assuring the plant has electricity, that mechanical problems can be addressed in a timely fashion. that olant facilities are adequate for the volume of sewage being delivered and that sewer lines leading both to and from the plant are in good repair. In addition, the plant is regularly in- spected to assure a host of state and federal regulations are be:ing met. If there are mechanical problems. the plant can hold a limited volume of liquids in the receiving tank and in the clarifiers, so equipment can be shut down. repaired and restored to opera- tion The process works well. how- ever. equipment can be shut down only for a limited amount of time before sewage would start backing up into town into people's basements. "People do not like that." Brittenham said. Besides the mess. exposure to raw sewage poses a health hazard. The other option is for the sewage plant to bypass sewage treatment and dump raw sewage into the: Republican River. However. to dffmp straight unto the river requires a special'permit and fines start at $25.000 per day. BriUenham said, "The city does not have that kind of money " So, the best option is preventive /naimenance. something the employ- ees, city utilit3 manager and city coun- cil regularly address. The greatest concern plant employ- ees voiced is carelessness and igno- rance on the part of city residents. More fat and oil are skimmed from the clarifiers than towns the size of Supe- rior expect. A plaque hangs on the treatment plant's chemistry laboratory wall dis- playing several coins and part of a dollar bill. Plant employees are fairly sure no one intended to flush money down the toilet. However. at some time iff some way, someone did. Accidents happen. Money neither dissolves nor grinds. Anything that does not dissolve in water, grind easily or that kills green plants can cause major problems at the sewer plant. Plant employees specifically ad- dressed herbicides, pesticides, grease and oil. kitchen wastes, women's sani- tary products and medicine. Everyone Makes A Difference Larry Beavers outlined the follow- ing tips: Recycle engine oil. Take it to local vendors who use it to heat their shops or take it to the county recycling trailer. Beavers would like to see the recycling trailer come to Superior more fre- quently. Crush out dated and left overmedi- cine, then mix them with kitty litter or coffee grounds and put them into the trash to be delivered to a land fill. Many medicines are used to kill microorgan- isms. Microorganisms are adapting and becoming immune to some medica- tion. Dumping medicine down the sewer simply increases their exposure to the medicine potentially shortening the time until the medicine no longer works. Medications excreted in human waste are part of sewage, but the con- centration from human waste is small compared to dumping 30 days of medi- cation down the toilet. Put sanitary products in the trash. Sanitary products are designed to hold togetheras opposed to toilel paper which disintegrates in water. Sanitary wipes for babies, the new Clorox wipes ad- vertised cleaning toilets, facial tissue, paper towels and women's sanitary products all need to go into the trash. They tend to plug the equipment at the sewage treatment fflant. Create and use a compost pile tbr, kitchen vegetable scraps instead of put- ting them down the garbage disposal. Doing so would decrease the sewage load and make excellent top soil, de- creasing the need to purchase fertil- izer. Kitchen scraps become part of the solids at the sewage plant. Solids are separated and stored in large tanks. Properly dispose of herbicides and pesticides. Do not pour them down the drain. "A worse case scenario is someone putting a high enough con- centration of herbicide down the drain to kill our algae bed." Brittenham said. "During the summer months, an algae bed will regenerate itself in two to three weeks. During the winter, its simply dead until spring." After the fall harvest and before the spring planting season, when the ground is thawed, solids are knifed into area fields. It is a simple process. solids are pumped into a large tank farmers would refer to as _a bonn, _ wagon. The ri .... s. At top speed, the rig travels 10 to 12 miles per hour and has an attachfnent on the rear-end which knifes the solids approximately three feet into the ground The whole appa- ratus is about the width of a common truck. It is bright yellowish-orange like most of the area's motor graders. This year the fall harvest was late. By late October, six to eight months of solids were still waiting to be knifed into area fields before the ground froze, In addition, the abundance of fall mois- tree delayed application. Sewage treat- ment plant employees expected it would take 20 or more days of work to apply the solids to area fields. Decreas- ing the volume of solids inthe form of kitchen scraps delivered to the plant is a way everyone can help. "Nuckolls County sponsors a haz- ardous waste pickup annually. I would like to see the City of Superior sponsor one." Beavers said. The tongue has the power of life and death, and those who love it will eat its fruit. For several years, campers at Loveweil Lake have selected summer weekend to decorate and celebrate Christmas in the summer. Terry Jensen, Nelson. assisted by 5 helpers decorated this catamaran owned by Bruce Meyer, Nora. John and Ridge Schutte took charge of lighting. Santa and Wylie belong to Terry. This is the first time the group has decorated for Christmas at the lake. It took approximately an hour and a half to complete the scene located on fh  ! ,-a ,, c-,r,,.,c,,,-t tectrical hookups. I SoUpe.ri0r I Pub00hin00Co. I