Newspaper Archive of
Superior Express
Superior, Nebraska
October 21, 2010     Superior Express
PAGE 9     (9 of 18 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
PAGE 9     (9 of 18 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
October 21, 2010

Newspaper Archive of Superior Express produced by SmallTownPapers, Inc.
Website © 2019. All content copyrighted. Copyright Information.     Terms Of Use.     Request Content Removal.

Thursday, October 21,2010 THE SUPERIOR EXPRESS 9B Heat pumps may greatly National Radon Awareness Week reduce home utility bills calls attention to potential threat Today s energy costs are sky high, he_ with the prospects good that in the Why should you care? Based on future they'll rise even higher! There today's electric and fossil fuel costs. The World Health Organization face of the earth usually escapes into door air. which is generally quite low in radon. Houses with low indoor air is, however, something you can do to withaheatpumpahomecansave$300 (WHO) and the Environmental Pro- the atmosphere. Where a house is counteract this energy sticker shock, to $400 a year in heating costs because tection Agency (EPA) have identified present, however, soil air often flows pressures, poorly sealed foundations, and sevrral entry points for soil air. For some homes, up to 50 percent of the energy used annually is for heating and cooling. Fortunately, you have an option to minimize this expense. What is a heat pump? 'When you drive by a house, you can't tell if the heating and cooling equipment is a heat pump or an air conditioner as they look the same, are connected to the furnace the same, and they perform the same in the summer in terms of cooling and efficiency; however, heat pumps are able to also heat in the winter. Why does this matter? Because for 70 percent of the winter tire heat pump is able to heat the.home by itself.When it gets really cold. the thermostat senses the heat pump needs help, and it cycles the electric or gas furnace with it to heat the home. All this is done auto- matically by setting the thermostat to the heat pump is so efficient. For a radon gas as the leading cause of lung toward its foundation for three tea- majority ,)f the winter you are heating cancer in nonsmokers. To address this sons: (1) differences in air pressure your home with a system that is 200 to epidemic, National Radon Awareness between the soil and the house, (2) the 300 percent efficient rather than the Week has been established for this presence of openings in the founda- normal 80 to 95 percent efficiency of a week Oct. 17-24. tion, and (3) increases in permeability furnace which burns fossil fuel. According to local, state and fed- aroundthebasement(ifoneispresent). Are incentives available? Check oral health agencies, radon is a prob- Inconstructingahousewithabase- Phase III of statewide radio network complete W ' " With this eek s compleuon of tile third phase of Nebraska's new wire- less radio network only one phase remains and it includes Nuckolls and three other counties along the state line plus a number of eastern Nebraska counties. The effort is a joint project of the State of Nebraskaand Nebraska Public Power District. The wireless radio network is being assembled in four pha,ses. Phase III which was completed this week in- cludes 30 counties in central and east- ern Nebraska. Thirty-eight counties in central and western Nebraska were part of Phases I and II. completed during the past year. Installations for the final phase are underway and expected to be complete by the end of the year. +'This new radio network is critical for first responders across our state," Gov. Heineman said in a dedication speech delivered at York. "NPPD util- ity crews have played an integral part m the response to storm damage in the last few years. The network being built will have increased capacay and IIIII 1 II Illl Highland By Iva Lee Jacobitz I I I I I ]Vlr. and Mrs. Eldrick Grummert attended the Bostwick Card Party held at the Vcstey Center. Uywmne Knehans watched the televisied Nebraska vs. Texas football game with Muriel Follmer. Mrs. Scott Clements and Broklyn, Martell. visited Monday with Mrs. Don Cassell. Ron Porter joined them for dinner. Saturday. Dustin. Ni'cole and gii"is watched the game with Don and Peggy. Peggy, LaVeta Porter and Bernita Ostdiek attended Altar Society meet- ing last Wednesday evening. Sunday night, Ron and LaVeta Por- ter and Don and Peggy Cassell at- tended a card party at the Dale Uhrmacher home. Doug Porter called on Ron and LaVeta Monday. Ivalee Jacobitz accompanied Jeanette Wolfe to Lincoln last Wednesday. They accompanied Linda Hartshort to Louisville to visit their uncle, Bob Dudley, Ivalee's brother- in-law, at the intensive care unit at the Midland Hospital Emily stayed Thursday with her grandma. Ivalee visited Stephanie Jacobitz and Natalie Saturday evenmg. Mick and Melissa Jacobitz called on Ivalee Sunday afternoon. Mrs. John Jensen was a coffee guest Sunday af- ternoon. Muriel Fottmer ate dinner Sunday with Dennis and Kathy Follmer at a Davenport cafe. with your local electric provider, there lem m approximately 20 percent of are new iacentives available for cus- homes in many areas of the United tomers who put in a high-efficient heat States. Radon reportedly claimed the pump. Choose between either a direct lives of about 20,000 Americans in cash incentive ($200 to $400) or a 2.5 2009. Testing for radon s easy, mex- percent ?aw interest loan through the pensive and saves lives. Nebraska Energy Office. Radon is naturally occurring, odor- There are few cases where it makes less. and colorless gas produced by the sense frc.m the homeowner's stand- breakdown of uranium in soil, rock point to it,stall an air conditioner rather and water. Because radon is a gas, it than a heat pump. They both perform can enter buildings through openings exactly the same function in the sum- or cracks in the foundation. The radon met but the heat pump provides big gas decays into radioactive solids, savings during thewinter, called radon daughters. The ,radon daughters attach to dust particles inthe air. and can be inhaled. The inhalation of radon daughters has been linked to lung cancer. Every home should be tested for radon regardless of where the home is located, the age of the home, founda- broader reach because of the partner- Iion type, or whether or not it is in an ship we've formed with the Nebraska area where homes are "prone to having Public Power District." radon problems." Homes with elevated In 2004, state officials outlined a radon levels have been found in prac- plan to achieve interoperable commu- tically every county in the U.S. nications lor state and local first re- Radon's primary hazard is caused sponders and emergency managers, from inhalation ofthegasanditshighly The. plan called for a new wireless radioactiveheavy metallic decay prod- radio network for state agency person- ucts (polonium. lead. and bismuth) nel that would also serve as abackbone which tend to collect on dust in the air. to connect eight regional communica- The problem arises when these ele- tions networks to achieve- statewlde ments stick to the delicate cells lining interoperability, the passageways leading to the lungs. State officials worked with city and Radon moving through soil pore county officials to develop regional communications networks. Funding for spaces and rock fractures near the sur- the state network was approved in 2007 and a contract for building the state- owned network was completed in 2008. In 2008. NPPD officials explored options for replacing the utility's ag- ing radio system and became a partner in the wireless radio project. The NPPD Board approved a plan in the spring of 2009. The costs of developing the net- work have been shared by the state and NPPD. It will be licensed and operated by both entities, providing an addi- tional layer of redundancy. Pat Pope, NPPD vice president and chief operating officer, said. "This statewide radio system will help NPPD increase the ,qafety and reliability of our field personnel, increase our abil- ay to communicate with odrer state- based agencies during emergenmes. and by sharing the system we are sav- ing our customers mone. IIII I I ........ Straight from the Horse's Mouth By Duane A. Lienemann. UNL Ext. Ed. i ill, i i .... With the pending conclusion of a fast and efficient harvest, the arrival of a dry fall. and a lot of corn stalks ready to be grazed, many calves will soon be on the move fl'om their home farms to new homes, if they haven't already. Call: prices are relatively good so beef producers should feel pretty good about their investment in their cattle herds. Thc trouble is that this is also a time when young calves don't,feel so good and the potential for a good re- turn from the cow may be taken away ['tom the producer in the form 91"sick or even dead calves. Unfortunately, many of the calves that leave their home Phase III included installation of farms may not have been vaccinated. 457 new radios in NPPD utility trucks. But even if they all were vaccinated, upgrades and equipment installation on 12 radi.o towers in the 30-county area:atong, wih the install aft,on .) .b35 new radios in Nebraska State Patrol (NSP) Troop C vehicles, some of Troop B vehicles and 25 State Fire Marshal vehicles. The network is now available to state agency personnel in a 68-county area 1eluding 310 Slate Pati'ol ve- hicles, as well as 67 percent of NPPD utility crews. When complete, the network will connect public safety personnel from seven state agencies and NPPD utility crews. It will also allow for communi- cation ith local first responders. county emergency management per- sonnel mid some federal personnel in Nebraska The new Phase II1 area now active on the radio network includes: Adams. Antelope. Boone. Boyd. Buffalo. Clay. Fillmore. Gage, Garfield. Greeley. Hal. Hamilton. Holt. Howard. Jefferson. Kearney, Knox. Lancaster. Madison. Merrick, Nance. Pierce. Sa- line. Seward. Sherman. Stanton. Val- ley, Wayne, Wheeler, and York coun- ties. Respecting the Past Preparing for the Future Moving Forward Together Sonia Schmidt for Mayor mont, a hole is dug, footings are set, and coarse gravel is usually laid down as a base for the basement slab. Then, once the basement walls have been built, the gap between the basement walls and the ground outside is filled with material that often is more perme- able than the original ground. This filled gaa is called a disturbed zone. Radon moves into the disturbed zone and the gravel bed underneath from the surrounding soil. The backfill material in the disturbed zone is com- monly rocks and soil from the founda- tion site, which also generate and re- lease radon. The amount of radon in the disturbed zone and gravel bed de- pends on the amount of uranium present in the rock at the site. the type and permeability of soil surrounding the disturbed zone and underneath the gravel bed, and the soil's moisture content. The air pressure in the ground around most houses is often greater than the air pressure inside the house. Air tends to move from the disturbed zone and gravel bed into the house through open- ings in the foundation. All house foun- dations have openings such as cracks. utility entries, seams between founda- tion materials and uncovered soil in crawl spaces and basements. " Most houses draw less than one percent of their indoor air from the soil; the remainder comes from out- however, may draw as much as 20 percent of their indoor air from the soil. Even if the soil air has only mod- erate levels of radon, levels inside the house may be very high. The ease and efficiency with which radon moves in the pore space or frac- ture effects how much radon enters a house. If radon is able to move easily in the pore space, then it can travel a great distarice beforeit decays, and it is more likely to collect in high concentrations inside a building. Radon was discovered in Germany in 1900 by Friedrich Ernst Dorn. Named after the element "radium" (radon was called niton at first, from the Latin word mtens meamng shining )but has been called radon since 1923At is an essentially inert, colorless, odorless gas at ordinary temperatures, The primary routes of potential hu- man exposure to radon are inhalation and ingestion. Radon in the ground. groundwater, or building materials' enters working and living spaces and disintegrates into its decay products. The EPA and the Surgeon General' s office have urged widespread testing for radon. They estimated that as many as 20.000 lung cancer deaths are caused each year by radon. Next to smoking, radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer. Nearly one in three homes checked in seven states had screening levels in excess of the EPA's recom- mended action level for radon expo- sure. As many as eight million homes throughout the country have elevated levels of radon. State surveys to date show that one out of five homes have elevated radon levels. I'd appreciate your vote on November 2nd Ad paid by Sonia Schmidt i i i i FLU SHOT CLINIC Superior Family Medical Cemer Now in our new location! 525 East l lth, Superior Wednesday, October27, 1 to4 p.m. $25 No appointment necessmy. Questions to Superior Family MediCal Center. 402-879-4781 Times and locations will be atmounced soon for additional flu shot clinics. , ,J , ,, ,, , .,,,, , . ,, some of those may in jeop- ardy. Man'y of us, have,had the unt'ortu,,_, nate experience of liaying. ,ell Vacci- nated calves get sick anyway alter be- ing exposed to conditions conducive to disease and more likely from being stressed with a new routine. Hopefully calves have been vaccinated against at Feast the worse types of disease. Well vaccinated calves usually don't die of IBR. BVD or Blackleg; but the story is not that simple. One of the reasons calves still get sick after vaccination is that there a number of viruses for which no vacci- nation is available, and there are prob- ably some viruses that change too rap- idly to ever have enough vaccines to prevent all such infections. In this sce- nario calves do not fare very well, Many calves infected with viruses will develop pneumonias that will make their condition serious. Calves lack the ability to efficiently prevent bacteria from invading their lungs. Some of these bacteria are nor- mal bugs that live in the noses and throats of calves but don't invade un- less there is a viral infection or stress. Other probably are more serious causes of disease and build up among sick cattle to which calves are exposed. This and many other problems come from a simple dilemma for the calves-- stress. One of the best ways of avoiding sickness anddi sease is to eliminate, or at least minimize, that stress. We can usually prevent stress to our calves by making sure the calves don't experi- ence days without feed and water; not being away from their mothers all at once: and are given a chance to stay home to rest and recuperate. Of course what I have described is the weaning process and we know those things hap- pen when we wean the calves from their mommas, That is something that is part of raising cattle and something that we have to do each year. In the end. the boltom line is that a lot of calves have the ripe opportunity to get really sick. ,.WjtbOt,antibiptics and tender lov- 0iCY Will either have pro- longed, serious disease that will result in major losses in production if not death and a total loss. How can we cut down on this risk? Well. first of all I firmly believe a good vaccination regimen for calves is paramount. I also like to see parasite control or prevention as part of the protocol. You should work with your local vet to address this. I also think producers should parallel health care protocols with a plan to reduce stress. One of the first things I suggest to help alleviate this problem is to separate the stress of weaning from the stress of marketing. Themarkets. and many buyers, ehentimes are willing to pay you to do this as long as you find the right wa? to sell calves. The bonus is that you can gel some economical gains. The next suggestion is to wean gen- tly. This can be accomplished by using on-farm ,veaning, fence line weaning, or even i: nose-weaner .v,torn ]n't overlook the value of gc)od wmering systems !or both weaning,and market- ing procedures. Good. clean water is in my opinion very vital to the well being and health of calves and cows that are stressed. Water is not the only nutri- tional decision: make sure to use high quality hay and grain as well as a palatable, medium energy supplement at weanit g. Also consider introducing the calve:; to tanks and bunks. I guess you could call that tank and bunk train- rag. I have llways believed in low stress handling, Be gentle and kind to your animals and get them to know you and your routines. Part of low stress han- dling s t separate the stress of pro- cessing (vaccination. implanting, etc.t from the stress of weaning and market- ing. You should also separate the stress of castration and dehorning from those stress factors. And if at all possible. shorten the time-in-transit when get- ting your calves to market. If you you need to supplement their feed with antibiotieg or utilize inject- able antlhotcs, use these antbumcs judiciously. Metaphylactic antibiotic treatment (usually given when calves are pur- chased) is one of the most effective procedures that have been studied in recent years in preventing illness and death in high risk calves. High risk czdves are those wherethe prior owner didn't do the suggestions that I have given above Sick calves seem to be a fact of life. However. good manage- ment can reduce the rate of sickness and minimize the bad outcomes. Wh'ilc you are watching the calves proceed through the weaning and mar- keting process don't forget about the cows. Cbmk the condition scores of your cow. as they start a new grazing season on corm. milo stalks or soybean stubble. Remember that they are also under stress when you take them away from their calves and move them from the familiar slopes of the pasture to the rough round and diffront fcwn cw, O O If you are not receavtng The Superior Express each week, you are missing teatures and pictures reporting on tho ,.,, your friends and neighbors. 7he Stoer00r" Express Stop by or mail your order to either of our offices. PO Box 408 Superior, Neb. 68978 402-879-3291 or 111 E. Main Mankato, Kan. 66956 785-378-3191 One Year in Nebraska $24 One Year in Kansas $25.50 (includes sales tax of area being delivered/ One Year in Other States, $35 Subscribe Today'. p mm m m m mm m m | nI mm I m m I m Imm m I m m m m I I m m m mmm mm m m Please send a subscription of The Superior Express to: I I IName: I I I | Address I I I I City State Zip I I |l Amoun t New Renewal " I I A gift from: I L m m m m m mm Im m m umm mm mm m mm Im m m m mm mm mm mm m mm Im mm m m m mm m mm Corn test weights cause concern foreign materialthat we saw in 2009. By Jenny Rees Extension Educator The weather continues to be beauti- ful for harvest! I think overall, we are seeing some lower yields, but we had so much variability this year with the nitrogen loss and water standing in fields coupled with high night time temperatures and some disease issues such a: anthracnose. Emerson Nafziger. extension corn apecialist from the Universityoflllinois has writ- ten a good article regarding if lower test weiats are a concern for 2010. It was published in several farm maga- zines, but in case you didn't see it. I'm including it here. "One concern I heard expressed recently is that some early-harvested corn was coming in with test weights in the low 50s instead of the 56 or higher that we often associate with ideal weather. With the early harvest following a warm grain-filling period in July and August this year, many people seem concerned low test weights indicate a lot of yield has been lost, and that otherwise things are not as good as they could have been, "Test weight low enough to trigger dockage is, of course, a concern. In many ca,;es, kernels will seem sound (unlike kernels from many fields in 2009), even where test weights are 3 or 4 pounds below the standard 56 pounds per bushel. What do low test weights mean in such a case? "First. we need to be careful to separate test weight from low kernel weight. If yields are high, then it's possible that kernel weigfits are nor- mal. even if test weights aren't. The two are often related, in that kernels . that don't fill very fully tend also to be misshapea, so they fit together poorly; the result is low bulk density, which is what test weight officially measures. But these factors are not in lockstep; yields can be very high and test weights not very high That's because test weight is a corn plex measurement, in- cluding factors like slipperiness of the seedcoat, kernel shape, endosperm density, and even such things as size of the embryo. "In 2009. starch filled very slowly, and in some cases it didn't fill to the maximum extent before freezing ended the process. That's not likely in 2010. _except p'rhaps in some areas where dry weather could bring an early end to grain-fill It is possible, though, that the rapid filling in 2010 resulted in slightly lower density of starch "pack- ing" into: the endosperm (the starchy part of the kernel) than normal. That directly lowers test weight, and may in many ca,;es result in lower kernel weights (grain yield) than would have been the case otherwise. For the same reason, endosperm quality may not be quite as bigh as usual this year. This could affec! usefulness as. for example. food-grade corn. On the pl us side, grain will dry dbwn@ell in the t'ield and we are not likely to see the high-tempera- ture drying problemsstress cracks. "Test weight affects pressure plate readings on yield monitors, so it will be important to calibrate monitors for this year's conditions. But instead of focusing on how much yield might have been lost. focus on the big pic- ture: yield per acre is the product of kernel number and kernel weight, and ]t is not tightly linked to test weighL High yields are the only meaningful measure of the growing season, and if kernels are basically sound but test weights are several pounds below nor- mal, we have little to c0mplain about." Ag Smarts Pre-register now for Husker Ag Smarts as Nov.l is the deadline for reduced tuition. This is a great oppor- tunity to sharpen your business man- agement skills. This six-day program steps beyond the typical PowerPoint driven lecture methods to teach by interactive hands-on learning. Guest speakers and educational tours will be a part of this program as well as appli- cations with provided computers and software. The course will be offered at, the Bremer Community Center. Au- rora. Neb. Dates are Dec. 7 and 8, Jan, 18 and 19. and Feb. 24 and 25. Now's a good time for soil testing By Darci McGee Extension Educator Though we often think of soil test- ing as a spring chore, tall can actually be a better time. Soil-testing laborato- ries are. c.ften busy during the spring resulting in a longer turnaround from submission to recommendations. Also. soils in the spring are often water- logged, making taking samples diffi- cult. If your soil test suggests more or- ganic matter, fall is a much better sea- son because matermls are much more available than in thespring, and fresher materials can be used without harming young tender plants. Begin by taking a representative smnple fi'om several locations in the garden or lawn. Each sample should comaln soil from the surface to about 6 to. 8 inches deep. This is most easily done with a soil sampler:Many UNL Extension offices have such samplers available for checkout. If you don?t have a sampler, use a shovel to dig straight down into the soil. Then shave a small layer off the back of the hole for your sample. Mix the samples together m a clean plastic container and select about 1 to 1.5 cups of soil. This can be placed in a plastic container such as a resealabl:, plastic bag. Send the soil sample to a certified lab to have tests done for a small charge. A soil test determines fertility problems, notother conditions that may exist such as poor drainage, poor soil structure, soil borne diseases or insects, chemical contami- nants or damagc, or shade with rmt c)mpetiti )n from otherplants. All of these conditions may reduce plant per- formance but cannot be evaluated bya soil test. Vote For Carrie Lemke in Beaver 1 in the upcoming election on November 2, Your vote would be greatly appreciated! Ad paid for by Carrie Lemke - (2ongratulations KRFS Radio The Superior Chamber of Commerce Ambassadors' traveling trophy, awarded to businesses for long-standing service to the com- munity, was presented recently to KRFS Radio. The A.M. station was founded in 1959 by the Gleason brothers of York with Dave Tucker as manager, and the F.M. side was added in 1977 Bill Gratopp, Superior, was also a long-time owner. Current owner Cory Kopsa began as station manager in 1990 and purchased the business in 2002. Kopsa s originally from Cuba, Kan.. and holds a degree n journalism and mass communication from Kansas State University. The station has five part-time employees who perform a variety of functions, from on- air to sales and office work Ron Thayer, Shanna Larson, Rick Disney, Anthony Gerard and Rebecca Genung. Kopsa said Superior is the smallest community in Nebraska with a radio station. KRFS A.M. plays adult contemporary music; KRFS F.M. plays country mustc. 750 N Commercial.Superior, Neb. 402-879-3900